Backpacking Europe Guide to Prague + Architectural Attractions

Backpacking Europe Guide to Prague + Architectural Attractions

If you're planning a backpacking adventure through Europe, be sure to add to your itinerary. This vibrant city, located in the heart of the , offers a unique blend of history, culture, and nightlife. To make the most of your time in Prague, it's important to plan ahead and know what to expect. Start by organizing your accommodation in advance, as Prague can get quite busy, especially during peak tourist seasons. Once you've settled in, take some time to explore the city's iconic landmarks, such as the Prague Castle and Charles Bridge. Don't forget to indulge in the local cuisine, with traditional dishes like goulash and trdelník being must-tries. And of course, no visit to Prague would be complete without experiencing the famous nightlife scene. From cozy pubs to trendy clubs, there's something for everyone. Here is my guide to help you have a great stay in Prague.

Getting into the city


Prague has a single airport, which unfortunately does not have a direct connection to the metro train system. However, there is a convenient alternative. Upon exiting the terminal, you can easily take bus number 100 to Zlicin Station. From there, you can transfer to the metro train, specifically the yellow line, which will take you straight into the heart of the city center. It is worth noting that the entire journey will cost you 48CZK, and it is recommended to purchase your tickets prior to boarding the metro train.


Prague's metro system is user-friendly, although the ticketing machines only have buttons in Czech. Tickets can be purchased at the ticketing booth. Despite Prague's small size, it has only four metro lines that all converge in the city's central area.

In addition to light rail trains and a comprehensive bus system, there is also a metro and bus service available for transportation to and from the airport. The metro and bus are highly recommended as they provide convenient access to the main attractions, which can be easily explored on foot within a day. The streets are well-marked with clear signage. It is important to note that the Czech Republic uses its own currency, but Euro can be exchanged at the airport money exchange booths or withdrawn from the numerous ATMs.


The international bus station in the city is called Florenc and is conveniently located only two metro stops away from the city centre. If you're staying at a hostel, it would be just three stops away. This station serves as the departure point for all international bus companies.

The Top Attractions In Prague

Powder Gate Tower

Guide to Prague - Powder Gate Tower

The Powder Gate Tower is a historical monument that holds significant cultural and architectural value. Constructed in the late 15th century, this iconic tower served as one of the thirteen gates leading into the Old Town of Prague. Its imposing stature and intricate design make it a must-see for history enthusiasts and tourists alike. The tower, made primarily of sandstone, features a mixture of Gothic and Renaissance architectural elements, showcasing the skills and craftsmanship of the time. Visitors to the Powder Gate Tower can explore its interior, which houses the Prague City Gallery's exhibition on medieval art. From the top of the tower, one can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of the city, including the picturesque Old Town Square.

Dancing House

Guide to Prague - Dancing House

The Dancing House, also known as the Fred and Ginger House, is an iconic architectural marvel located in Prague, Czech Republic. Designed by architects Vlado Milunić and Frank Gehry, this unique structure stands out amongst the traditional buildings of the city. The Dancing House is renowned for its unconventional design, resembling a couple dancing. The curvaceous and fluid lines of the building give it a dynamic and lively appearance. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the city from the top-floor restaurant, which offers a panoramic view of Prague's stunning skyline. The Dancing House has become a symbol of modern architecture and is a must-visit attraction for architecture enthusiasts and tourists alike. Its combination of elegance and playfulness makes it a truly captivating sight. Whether you are interested in architecture or simply want to experience something different, the Dancing House is definitely worth a visit.

Old Synagogue

Guide to Prague - Jewish quarter

The Old Synagogue in Prague, also known as the Altneuschul, is a significant historical landmark in the heart of the city. Built-in the 13th century, it is one of the oldest surviving synagogues in Europe. The architectural design of the synagogue is a blend of Gothic and Moorish influences, with its unique vaulted ceiling and intricate ornamentation. Visitors can explore the various sections of the synagogue, including the main prayer hall and the women's gallery. The synagogue also houses a fascinating museum that showcases the rich history and culture of the Jewish community in Prague. With its rich heritage and captivating architecture, the Old Synagogue is a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and anyone interested in the Jewish heritage of Prague. Don't miss the opportunity to discover the stories and traditions that have shaped this remarkable place.

Tyn Church

Guide to Prague - Tyn Church

Tyn Church, also known as the Church of Our Lady Before Tyn, is a stunning medieval church located in the heart of Prague's Old Town Square. With its soaring Gothic spires and intricate facade, Tyn Church is a true architectural marvel. The church dates back to the 14th century and has served as a place of worship for centuries. Its interior is equally impressive, with ornate altars and beautiful stained glass windows that tell stories from the Bible. Visitors to Tyn Church can also explore the crypt, which houses the remains of several prominent figures from Prague's history. Whether you're a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or someone seeking spiritual solace, Tyn Church is a must-visit destination in Prague. So, don't miss the chance to marvel at this breathtaking masterpiece and immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of the Czech Republic.

Wenceslas Square

Guide to Prague - Wenceslas Square

Wenceslas Square, located in the heart of Prague, is a bustling and vibrant square that holds great historical and cultural significance. This iconic square, named after the famous Bohemian king Wenceslas, has been a gathering place for locals and tourists alike for centuries. With its impressive architecture, including the National Museum and the statue of St. Wenceslas on horseback, the square stands as a testament to Prague's rich heritage and grandeur. In addition to its historical landmarks, Wenceslas Square is also home to a wide array of shops, restaurants, and cafes, making it the perfect destination for those looking to indulge in some retail therapy or sample delicious Czech cuisine. Whether you're interested in history, shopping, or simply soaking in the lively atmosphere, Wenceslas Square is a must-visit destination that offers something for everyone.

Prague Astronomical Clock

Guide to Prague -.Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock, also known as the Prague Orloj, is a fascinating piece of history and a must-see attraction when visiting the capital city of the Czech Republic. Dating back to the 15th century, this ancient astronomical clock is not only a timepiece but also a complex astronomical instrument. The clock is located on the southern side of the Old Town Hall Tower in the Old Town Square. Its intricate design and functionality have captivated visitors for centuries. The clock showcases various astronomical features, including the position of the sun, moon, and other celestial bodies. It also features a unique mechanical performance, known as the “Walk of the Apostles,” which takes place hourly, attracting crowds of eager spectators. If you are planning a trip to Prague, make sure to include a visit to the Prague Astronomical Clock in your itinerary to witness this impressive marvel of engineering and astronomy.

The Old Town Centre

Guide to Prague - old town square prague

The Old Town Centre in Prague is a captivating and historical district that offers visitors a glimpse into the city's rich past. With its stunning Gothic architecture, cobblestone streets, and charming market squares, the Old Town Centre is a must-see for anyone visiting Prague. The famous Astronomical Clock, located in the heart of the Old Town Square, is a true marvel of engineering and a symbol of the city's cultural heritage. Visitors can also explore the narrow alleyways and discover hidden gems like the Tyn Church and the Old Town Hall. Additionally, the Old Town Centre is home to numerous cafes, restaurants, and shops, where visitors can indulge in traditional Czech cuisine and purchase unique souvenirs.

In this area, you can find entertaining street performers that are sure to make you laugh. Keep an eye out for them!  Whether you are a history enthusiast or simply looking to immerse yourself in the beauty of Prague, the Old Town Centre is a destination that should not be missed.

Charles Bridge

Guide to Prague - Charles bridge

Charles Bridge is a must-see for all travellers exploring this enchanting city. Spanning the Vltava River, the bridge offers breathtaking views of Prague Castle, Lesser Town, and the Old Town. Constructed in the 14th century, Charles Bridge is a masterful example of Gothic architecture, adorned with numerous statues of saints and religious figures. To fully appreciate the grandeur and significance of this iconic structure, it is recommended to visit during sunrise or sunset when the golden light casts a magical glow on the bridge and the surrounding cityscape. As you stroll across the bridge, you can soak in the atmosphere created by street musicians, artists, and vendors selling souvenirs. Be sure to take your time and admire the intricate details of the statues and the intricate cobblestone pavement. For a truly memorable experience, consider taking a guided tour to learn about the fascinating history and legends associated with Charles Bridge.

Prague Castle & Golden Lane

Guide to Prague - Prague Castle

Prague Castle's enchanting Golden Lane is a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and curious travellers alike. Nestled within the castle complex, this picturesque lane dates back to the 16th century and offers a fascinating glimpse into the daily lives of its former inhabitants. As you stroll along the cobblestone pathway, you'll encounter charming, brightly-coloured houses that once housed castle artisans and servants. These miniature dwellings have been lovingly preserved and now house quaint shops, showcasing traditional crafts and souvenirs. Don't forget to explore the tiny museum dedicated to the famous Czech writer, Franz Kafka, who lived in one of the houses for a short period. The Golden Lane also provides access to the magnificent St. Vitus Cathedral, the crown jewel of Prague Castle.

Other tips

When you look up, you'll notice a wealth of intricate detailing adorning the buildings. From statues depicting saints, nude figures, angels, and skeletons, to scenes of people engaged in battle, the architectural embellishments are truly captivating and thought-provoking.

Explore the picturesque streets and charming alleyways, where you can stumble upon stunning architecture, scenic roads, quaint shops, and captivating sights.

Enjoy a scenic stroll by the river where you can observe individuals trying their hand at paddle boating. Alternatively, you can also give it a try yourself.

When visiting popular attractions during mid-season, such as in September, it can be challenging to capture a photo without any people in the frame. The large crowds that gather at these attractions throughout the day make it difficult to find moments of solitude for photography.

Backpacking Europe Budget – Where to stay in Prague

While visiting Prague, I had the pleasure of staying at the Chili Hostel. Conveniently located near the Narodni Trida Metro station, this hostel offers easy access to all of the city's main attractions. Accommodation options include private rooms, mixed dorms, and all-female dorms.

The hostel provides complimentary sheets and towels, which is not a common offering in German . Additionally, guests can enjoy amenities such as WiFi, lockers, hair dryers, and a fully equipped kitchen with ample dishes. The hostel also provides access to computers, a television, and a DVD player for entertainment purposes.

The hostel provided a wonderful opportunity to meet people from different countries, as it had a lively atmosphere and inviting common rooms on the ground floor.

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